The BMW X5 is a midsize SUV produced by BMW. The first generation of the X5 was given the chassis code E53 and was first made available to the public in 1999. This was the first SUV or Sport Utility Vehicle produced and released by BMW. The vehicle featured all wheel drive 4x4 and firm suspension and was available in both manual shift and automatic transmission.

The X5 E70 was launched in 2006, the second generation X5 featuring the Xdrive all-wheel drive system mated to an auto transmission. The X5 was branded a Sport Activity Vehicle or SAV. BMW's Sport Activity Vehicle or SAV series has since expanded to be derivatives of other BMW, first in 2003 with the BMW X3 compact luxury car, and then in 2008 with the BMW X6 midsize coupe luxury vehicle. In 2009 BMW launched the X5 M performance model for the following year 2010.

The E53 was developed at a time when BMW owned Land Rover and benefitted from Land Rover vehicle technology. It shared components with the Land Rover Range Rover HSE model and specifically the Hill Descent System and Off Road Engine Management system and the E39 5-series, paying specific attention to the engine and electronic systems. The entertainment system radio, navigation system, television and telecommunications systems are all identical.

The BMW E70 is the second generation X5 Sports Activity Vehicle. It replaced the BMW X5 E53 in November 2006. The second generation X5 features many new technological advancements including BMW's iDrive system and for the first time in a BMW an optional third row seat.

The BMW X5 M is a high performance model of the X5 and was introduced to the press at the New York Auto Show in April 2009. The BMW M features the first M Power V8 Turbo engine producing 555 Hp or 414 kW and 680 N·m of torque. It comes with M Dynamic Performance Control assist for sport drive handling.

The 2011 X5 was revised for the year featuring new front bumper and air intake ducts as well as a variety of minor changes in appearance. For the petrol powered X5 models, the naturally aspirated N52 straight-6 engine and N62 V8engines were replaced by turbocharged engines, namely the N55 single-turbo straight-6 and the N63 twin turbo V8 which will also be coupled to an 8-speed auto gearbox.

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